Palmer performed the first chiropractic
adjustment on Harvey Illlard, a janitor in his
office building, in Davenport. The spinal
adjustment helped relieve Illlard's deafness.
Palmer decided to open a chiropractic school in
Davenport, which eventually became known as the
Palmar School of Chiropractic. Five of the first
15 graduates were also medical doctors. About
half were women.
first two chiropractic textbooks were published,
one by D.D. Palmer and his son; BJ. Palmer. D.D.
Palmer was tried and convicted of practicing
medicine without a license. He served 23 days of
a 105-day sentence, then paid a $350 fine to be
released. That same year, the Universal
Chiropractors Association formed in Davenport.
It provided legal counsel and defense funds for
chiropractors jailed for practicing medicine
without a license.
landmark Wisconsin case, a Judge and jury found
Shegataro Morikubo, D.C., a graduate of the
Palmer School of Chiropractic, innocent of
practicing medicine, surgery and osteopathy
without a license. Why? Morikubo was not
practicing medicine, surgery or osteopathy; he
was practicing chiropractic.
Kansas passed the first state law to license
first standards for accrediting chiropractic
schools and colleges was set up by John Nugent,
D.C., the director of education for the National
Chiropractic Association. In that same year, 12
chiropractic colleges were accredited.
Congress passed the G.I. Bill, which
made benefits available to World
War II veterans who planned to study
National Board of Chiropractic Examiners was
incorporated. The board helped set national
licensing standards for chiropractors.
Congress voted to include chiropractic care
Louisiana passed a law allowing chiropractors to
be licensed, becoming the final state to do so.
Congress appropriated 52 million for the
National Institute of Neurological and
Communicative Disorders and Stroke to hold a
conference on the research status of spinal
manipulation at the National Institute of Health
In Bethesda, Md. The workshop, held in 1975, was
a major acknowledgment of the scientific
respectability of chiropractic. For the first
time, chiropractors, physicians and scientists
met on an equal level to discuss spinal therapy.
chiropractors filed an anti-trust suit in
Chicago's U.S. District Court against the
American Medical Association and a host of other
major medical groups. The case was sparked by
the AMA's decades-old, blatant anti-chiropractic
campaign. After a two-month trial, the jury
found that the AMA's campaign against
chiropractic was legal.
Chiropractors appealed the 1976 decision and
won. The court forced the AMA to stop its attack
on chiropractic and allow its members to refer
patients to chiropractors. The judge stated In
the decision, "The purpose of the (AMA's)
boycott was to contain and eliminate the
chiropractic profession. This conduct
constituted a conspiracy among the AMA and its
study published In the Western Journal of
Medicine described chiropractic patients as
three times more satisfied with their low back
pain care than patients of family practice
Mange Report, commissioned and funded by the
Ontario Ministry of Health, said that
chiropractic care is the most effective and
cost- efficient way to care for low back pain.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, an
agency of the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services, concluded that spinal
manipulation Is a recommended and effective
early treatment for low back problems in adults.
Chiropractic celebrates its centennial. Grand
celebrations are held In Washington, D.C., and
In Davenport, Iowa, the birthplace of
chiropractic, to commemorate the profession's
progress during its first century.